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An Empirical Model for Probability of Packet Reception in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Autor: M. Killat, H. Hartenstein Links:
Quelle: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, November 2008
Today’s advanced simulators facilitate thorough studies on VANETs but are hampered by the computational effort required to consider all of the important influencing factors. In particular, large-scale simulations involving thousands of communicating vehicles cannot be served in reasonable simulation times with typical network simulation frameworks. A solution to this challenge might be found in hybrid simulations that encapsulate parts of a discrete-event simulation in an analytical model while maintaining the simulation’s credibility. In this paper we introduce a hybrid simulation model that analytically represents the probability of packet reception in an IEEE 802.11p network based on four inputs: the distance between sender and receiver, transmission power, transmission rate and vehicular traffic density. We also describe the process of building our model, which utilizes a large set of simulation traces and is based on general linear least squares approximation techniques. The model is then validated via the comparison of simulation results with the model output. In addition, we present a transmission power control problem in order to show the model’s suitability for solving parameter optimization problems, which are of fundamental importance to VANETs.