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Parallelism Potentials in Distributed Simulations of Kademlia-Based Peer-to-Peer Networks
Autor: P. Andelfinger, K. Jünemann, H. Hartenstein Links:
Quelle: Proceedings of the 7th International ICST Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques (SIMUTools 2014), Lisbon, Portugal, März 2014
The benefits of distributing a network simulation depend on characteristics of the simulated network. Performance improvements reported in the literature are comparatively low for peer-to-peer overlay networks in particular, as the logical topology of these networks can necessitate frequent synchronization between the processors executing the simulation. In this paper, we show that a speedup of up to a factor of 6.0 using 16 nodes connected using InfiniBand and close to linear reductions in memory usage are possible for simulations of Kademlia-based networks. Our distributed simulator implementation enables simulations of one of the largest peer-to-peer networks at full scale of about 10 million peers. Based on the two fundamental goals of minimizing communication between processors and minimizing synchronization overheads, we propose two strategies for assigning simulated nodes to processors. We analyze the effects of the two strategies and show that each strategy supports one of the goals, while being detrimental to the other. We propose efficiency metrics that expose how much of the potential for parallel execution is exploited by a simulator. Through detailed performance measurements and by applying the new metrics to our simulator implementation, we quantify remaining efficiency potentials.