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Position-based routing in ad-hoc wireless networks
Autor: J. Widmer, M. Mauve, H. Hartenstein, H. Füßler Links:
Quelle: Ilyas, M. (Hrsg.), Handbook of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, CRC Press, pp. 219-232, 2003
In ad hoc networks, autonomous nodes collaborate to route information through the network. Commonly, nodes are end-systems and routers at the same time. In cases in which nodes have a notion of their geographic position, position-based routing protocols can be used; these protocols' properties of statelessness and fast adaptability to changes in the topology match very well with the characteristics of ad hoc networks.Position-based routing does not require the maintenance of routes; instead, forwarding decisions are made locally, based only on the node's own position, the positions of its neighbors, and the position of the destination. The routing algorithms are complemented by location services through which a node can obtain the position of a packet's destination.We will introduce the main components of position-based routing, discuss position-based routing algorithms as well as location services, and present an application scenario where position-based routing can be used for intervehicle communication.